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A shot for all seasons



Other Creatures maybe bigger or badder, but only people imagine possibilities and make them happen.

are you creative? it’s a question many of us have heard at some point in our lives, and whether we’ve answered it with hubris, hesitation or humil-ity, our reply was likely informed by some common preconceptions about the very notion of creativity. The term carries a kind of mystical aura, its special power imbued with a touch of the divine. After all, creativity supplies the first verb of the Bible—“In the beginning, God created . . .”—and, of course, the deity itself is alternatively dubbed the Creator, no-where more famously than in the Declaration of In-dependence, in which He/She endows us with those “certain inalienable rights.” Advocates of intelligent design survey the universe, marvel at the exquisite celestial choreography and—even if they do believe in science and the big-bang theory of cosmogene-sis—insist the stars, galaxies, planets and moons could never have sprung up solely through some spontaneous, random event. Closer to home, they say, terrestrial geology, flora and fauna—including our own elegant, if fatally flawed, physiology—can’t be the result of a mere accident. Only a supreme ge-nius could have imagined it all and set the whole thing in motion.





Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman—a reSearcher, pSychologiSt and co-author of Wired to Create: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Creative Mind—has spent years studying humanity’s unique penchant for innovation and offers some advice for living a more inspired life. Written with journalist Carolyn Gregoire, Wired to Create examines the recent science surrounding cre-ativity and reveals that the process is often messy and rife with contradictions. For example, the book describes Pablo Picas-so’s method of painting Guernica—his powerful 1937 depic-tion of the Nazi-Fascist bombing of a Spanish village—as “more chaotic than controlled, more spontaneous than linear.” As the artist himself explained it, “A painting is not thought out and settled in advance. While it is being done, it changes as one’s thoughts change. And when it’s finished, it goes on changing, according to the state of mind of whoever is looking at it.”

Of course, few of us are as sublimely gifted as Picasso—or Newton or Beethoven. But as Kaufman tells TIME, creativity is more than a matter of natural talent. It’s also a state of mind, “a certain attitude that you can bring to any task, a general spirit of spontaneity and questioning the world and the way things work—seeing things continually fresh and new, that you may have seen many times before. It’s a certain way of being in this world.” Here, Kaufman offers seven keys to help unlock your own innate creative potential:










A Review of  Dr. Ernst Mach’s Life


18 February 1838 – 19 February 1916) was an Austrian physicist andphilosopher, noted for his contributions to physics such as study ofshock waves. The ratio of one’s speed to that of sound is named theMach number in his honour. As a philosopher of science, he was a major influence on logical positivism and American pragmatism. Through his criticism of Newton’s theories of space and time, he foreshadowed Einstein’s theory of relativity.

Mach number is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.

M is the Mach number,

u is the local flow velocity with respect to the boundaries (either internal, such as an object immersed in the flow, or external, like a channel), and

c is the speed of sound in the medium

what is Mach’s principle?

Mach’s principle says that this is not a coincidence—that there is a physical law that relates the motion of the distant stars to the local inertial frame. If you see all the stars whirling around you, Mach suggests that there is some physical law which would make it so you would feel acentrifugal force. There are a number of rival formulations of the principle. It is often stated in vague ways, like mass out there influences inertia here”. A very general statement of Mach’s principle is “local physical laws are determined by the large-scale structure of the universe.



Is anybody in there?


Groundbreaking new research has discovered that 15 percent of coma patients might be conscious and aware of their surroundings. Now the race is on to find out ways to bring them back.

The rare occasions when people in vegetative states ‘wake up’ after years or even decades of unresponsiveness always make the news. We’re fascinated by the details behind the jubilant headlines: what was it like waking up from an extremely long sleep? What had been going on in their minds? Were they frozen in time? Or had they, perhaps, been aware of what was going on around them the whole time?

It’s hard to gauge how many people are currently in a persistent vegetative state, languishing in a care-home bed, their inner lives a mystery, The causes of their brain injuries are diverse - from oxygen starvation (which could be due to stroke, heart attack, near-drowning and more) to trauma caused by a blow to the head -and there is no central register. But neuroscientists estimate there are thousands in the UK, and they are increasing in number, as doctors get better at saving lives in the aftermath of brain injuries.

Thankfully, doctors are also getting better at figuring out what is going on in these patients’ minds. “There have been huge discoveries over the last 15 years,” says Adrian Owen, a professor at the Brain And Mind Institute at Canada’s Western University. The first of these, he says, was “a 2006 paper where we showed that some of these patients are actually aware, and then the 2010 paper where we started to communicate with some of them.”

From the data so far, 15 to 20 per cent of patients show signs of concealed consciousness, and researchers are now making great strides in diagnosing the condition, understanding its mechanics and even working on treatments that could increase the chances of rehabilitation.


Forgetfulness might depend on time of day


Researchers have identified a gene in mice that seems to influence memory recall at different times of day and tracked how it causes mice to be more forgetful just before they normally wake up.

Every time you forget something, it could be because you didn’t truly learn it -- like the name of the person you were just introduced to a minute ago; or it could be because you are not able to recall the information from where it is stored in your brain -- like the lyrics of your favorite song slipping your mind

Many memory researchers study how new memories are made. The biology of forgetting is more complicated to study because of the difficulties of distinguishing between not knowing and not recalling.

Researchers tested the memories of young adult male and female mice. In the “learning,” or training, phase of the memory tests, researchers allowed mice to explore a new object for a few minutes.

Later, in the “recall” phase of the test, researchers observed how long the mice touched the object when it was reintroduced. Mice spend less time touching objects that they remember seeing previously. Researchers tested the mice’s recall by reintroducing the same object at different times of day.

They did the same experiments with healthy mice and mice without BMAL1, a protein that regulates the expression of many other genes. BMAL1 normally fluctuates between low levels just before waking up and high levels before going to sleep.

Mice trained just before they normally woke up and tested just after they normally went to sleep did recognize the object.

Mice trained at the same time -- just before they normally woke up -- but tested 24 hours later did not recognize the object

Healthy mice and mice without BMAL1 had the same pattern of results, but the mice without BMAL1 were even more forgetful just before they normally woke up. Researchers saw the same results when they tested mice on recognizing an object or recognizing another mouse. Something about the time of day just before they normally wake up, when BMAL1 levels are normally low, causes mice to not recall something they definitely learned and know.

According to Kida, the memory research community has previously suspected that the body’s internal, or circadian, clock that is responsible for regulating sleep-wake cycles also affects learning and memory formation.

“Now we have evidence that the circadian clocks are regulating memory recall,” said Kida

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